Tsinandali Park is situated on Alazani valley, on the basin of Kisi River; surrounded by river Kisi from North-West and West sides; from north Alazani valley and Caucasus Mountains; from East Tsinandali Village and from south natural oak forest and vineyards.
The climate is dry continental, there are three types of soil that can be discovered in Tsinandali garden: brown-carbonated, brown-typical, and brown alkaline.
- Brown carbonated soil is fewer portion of the garden. And it goes 30-50 cm deep. Relatively bigger portion is deep brown soil, where the intensity of the colour is achieved by the high concentration of the clay in the soil. Also rich humus is caused by the fallen leaves and other debris. In some parts there are high number of phosphorus, while others are rich in Ka. CaCO3 is the most important part that gives the character to 21.250 m2.
- Brown typical soil is mainly made out of 50-60 % heavy clay Humus here is very thin, less than 5 %. Thus naturally plants suffer greatly in this environment, it is needed to have strong mechanic support, like intentionally making bigger pitches on the ground and filling them with good quality soil in order to help decorative plants survive and have longer life spans. It is apparent that this technique was used for a long time now, s there are many examples of fallen trees having big holes dug specially for elongating their life span.
- Alkaline soils spread on 16 700 m2 they have good amount of humus that after a minor treatment can be used for planting purposes.
Based on the soil studies, proposal plans can be made in order to understand where can be planted trees with bigger trunks and which part of the garden is made for smaller shrubs with the weaker root system. Initially this facilitated to certain type of garden design patterns in early 19th C.
Today park represents a mixture of wild parks and well cultured French style gardens.